Comment prévenir et traiter les vers chez les chiens ?

How to prevent and treat worms in dogs?

Intestinal worms are a common problem in dogs, but they can be prevented and treated effectively with good management of your pet's health.

In this article we will look at the most common types of worms in dogs, the symptoms to look out for, and the prevention and treatment methods available.

The most common types of worms  

There are several types of intestinal worms that can affect dogs. The most common are: 

  1. Roundworms (Toxocara canis)

Roundworms are one of the most common parasites in puppies. They can cause symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss and a swollen abdomen. 

  1. Flatworms (tapeworms)

Tapeworms are flat parasites that live in the intestines of dogs. They can be contracted by ingesting infected fleas or rodents. Symptoms include loss of appetite, weight loss, and trailing of worm segments around the dog's anus. 

  1. Hooked worms (Ancylostomes)

Hookworms are parasites that attach themselves to the lining of the intestine and feed on the animal's blood. They can cause anemia, diarrhea and loss of appetite. 

  1. Flatworms (Strongyloids)

Strongyloids are small worms that live in the small intestine of dogs. They can cause diarrhea, coughing and breathing problems. 

Symptoms of worms in dogs 

Symptoms of worms in dogs can vary depending on the type of parasite and the severity of the infestation. Some common symptoms to watch for include: 

  • Vomiting 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Weightloss 
  • Swollen abdomen 
  • Dull coat 
  • Fatigue 
  • Trail of worm segments around the anus 

If you observe any of these symptoms in your dog, it is important to promptly consult a veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment. 

Worm Prevention in Dogs  

Preventing worms in dogs is essential to maintaining your pet's health. Here are some preventive measures you can take: 

  1. Regular dewormer

Administer dewormer to your dog as recommended by your veterinarian. Dewormer is effective in eliminating existing worms and preventing new infestations. 

  1. Hygiene

Maintain good hygiene for your dog by cleaning his litter box regularly, avoiding contact with other animals' feces, and ensuring he does not ingest potential parasites by licking or chewing dirty objects. 

  1. Flea Control

Fleas are vectors for certain types of worms, so it is essential to protect your dog against fleas by using antiparasitic treatments recommended by your veterinarian. 

  1. Healthy eating

Offer your dog a balanced, quality diet. A healthy diet strengthens the pet's immune system, which can help prevent worm infestations. 

Treatment of worms in dogs  

If your dog is diagnosed with worms, the veterinarian will recommend specific treatment depending on the type of parasite. Treatment may include the administration of deworming medications, often in tablet or liquid form. 

It is crucial to follow the veterinarian's instructions for treatment, including recommended duration and dosage. Incomplete treatment can allow worms to survive and reproduce, which can make the problem worse. 

After treatment, it is important to prevent future infestations by continuing to administer dewormers regularly and following the preventive measures mentioned above. 

Preventing and Treating Worms in Dogs  

Intestinal worms are a common health problem in dogs, but they can be prevented and treated effectively with the right measures. By maintaining good hygiene, regularly administering dewormers, controlling fleas and providing a healthy diet, you can contribute to the health and well-being of your pet.

Remember to visit your veterinarian regularly for health checks and advice on worm prevention. With proper care, your dog can live a happy, healthy life. 


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