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How to potty train a dog?

When you decide to adopt a dog, one of the crucial first steps in training it is potty training it. Potty training is essential for maintaining a clean and healthy environment at home, while strengthening the bond between you and your four-legged friend.

In this article, we will guide you through the essential steps to potty training your dog effectively and respectfully.

Understanding the learning process  

First of all, it is important to understand that potty training dogs is a gradual process that requires patience and consistency. Puppies in particular need time to develop control of their sphincters. The length of training can vary from dog to dog, but on average it can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months. 

Create a schedule  

Establishing a routine is one of the keys to success in potty training a dog. Dogs tend to be predictable in their needs, and by creating a regular schedule you can anticipate those good times to go outside. 

  • Regular outings : Take your dog outside as soon as he wakes up in the morning, after meals, and before bed. Puppies often need to go outside more frequently, about every two hours. 
  • Rewards : When your dog poops outside, reward him with treats or praise. This will strengthen the association between the output and the desired behavior. 
  • Constant supervision : Keep an eye on your dog at all times, especially in the beginning. This will help you spot signs that he needs to relieve himself, such as sniffing or walking in circles. 

Use the cage properly  

The crate, or crate, can be a useful tool in potty training. Dogs naturally tend to avoid pooping where they sleep, making the crate a good space for potty training. Here's how to use it effectively: 

  • Appropriate size : Make sure the crate is large enough for your dog to stand, turn around and stretch out comfortably, but not so large that he can go potty in a corner and wander away. 
  • Frequent outings : Take your dog out of the crate at regular intervals so he can relieve himself outside. 
  • No punishment : Never use the cage as punishment. It must be associated with a comfortable and secure space for your dog. 

Learn to recognize the signals  

An essential part of potty training is learning to recognize the signals your dog gives when he needs to potty. Every dog ​​is different, but here are some common signs to watch for: 

  • Sniffing and restlessness : Your dog may sniff the ground and become agitated while looking for a suitable place to do his business. 
  • Going in circles : Some dogs go around in circles looking for a place to relieve themselves. 
  • Whining or barking : Some dogs express their need by making sounds. 

Clean up accidents quickly  

Even with the best training, accidents can happen inside the home. When this happens, it is essential to clean quickly and effectively to eliminate any residual odor that could cause your dog to go potty in the same place again. Use an enzymatic cleaner specifically designed to eliminate urine odors. 

Avoid common mistakes  

In the process of potty training, there are some common mistakes to avoid: 

  • Punish after the fact : If you catch your dog going potty indoors, don't scold him after the fact. He will not understand the reason for the punishment. 
  • Neglecting supervision : Constant supervision is crucial, especially at the beginning of training. 
  • Inconsistency : Be consistent in your approach and routine. Dogs learn best with clear, consistent instructions. 

Patience and rewards  

Potty training can be frustrating at times, but it's important to stay patient and positive. Praise your dog when he does his business outside and avoid punishment if he has an accident inside. Reward is a powerful motivator for dogs, and it will reinforce good behavior. 

Dog cleanliness: patience above all  

Potty training is a crucial step in training your dog. By following a routine, using the crate appropriately, recognizing your dog's cues, cleaning up accidents promptly, and avoiding common mistakes, you can help your dog potty train effectively and respectfully. With patience, consistency, and rewards, you and your dog can successfully complete this important step in dog training together. 


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